In recent years, the Russian market of milk and dairy products were observed positive trends. He grew up and reached a historic high average level of milk production in the country - from 2.2 tons in 1997 to 4.55 tons in 2014. Formed regions of intensive production, which differ not only high levels of productivity, and the positive dynamics of production volumes in the dairy sector : the area of the North-West and Central Federal Districts, which are near the center of industrial processing of milk - Moscow and St. Petersburg. There have been significant changes in the direction of smoothing the seasonality of milk production. There are examples of regions where the problem is completely overcome - Leningrad region., Moscow region., Krasnodar and Tatarstan. Increased investment in the sector (both private and public), will enhance the process of creating large dairy farms that have implemented advanced technological solutions for fodder, feeding, maintenance and milking. Against the background of positive dynamics of consumer demand rapidly developing dairy industry processing. The growth in per capita consumption of dairy products, which is still lagging behind the rational norms and consumption in the European countries indicates a high capacity of the domestic dairy market.
Shortage of raw materials in the dairy market.
Despite the positive trends in dairy farming, processing industry continues to operate in the conditions of resource scarcity of quality raw milk due to the presence in the sector, a number of unresolved issues. Moreover, with the onset of the crisis has slowed down the development of the sector.
According to the Federal State Statistics Service, production of milk in all categories of farms in 2014 in the first quarter amounted to 6114 thousand tons in the second quarter of 9018, in the third quarter of 9184 tonnes in the fourth quarter of 6428 tonnes. In 2015, milk production in the first quarter amounted to 6210 thousand tons in the second quarter of 8941 tonnes. In the Moscow region from January to June 2014 were produced 323.7 ths. Tons from January to June 2015 320.5 thous. Tons. Based on this information, it can be concluded that the milk production in the Moscow region, for sravnivyemye periods decreased by 1.0%.